Momwe Kutengera Njira Mwanzeru ku AI Kuchepetsera Pansi pa Ma Seti Okondera a Data

Biassed Datasets ndi Ethical AI

Mayankho oyendetsedwa ndi AI amafunikira ma data kuti akhale ogwira mtima. Ndipo kupangidwa kwa ma seti a datawo kumadzaza ndi vuto losakondera pamlingo wadongosolo. Anthu onse amavutika ndi kukondera (onse odziwa komanso osadziwa). Tsankho litha kukhala m'njira zosiyanasiyana: malo, zinenero, chikhalidwe-chuma, kugonana, ndi kusankhana mitundu. Ndipo zokondera mwadongosolo zimatenthedwa mu data, zomwe zimatha kubweretsa zinthu za AI zomwe zimapitilira ndikukulitsa tsankho. Mabungwe amafunikira njira yosamala kuti achepetse kukondera komwe kumalowa m'ma data.

Zitsanzo Zosonyeza Vuto Lokondera

Chitsanzo chimodzi chodziwika bwino cha tsankho la data iyi lomwe lidatulutsa atolankhani ambiri oyipa panthawiyo chinali njira yowerengera yoyambiranso yomwe idakomera amuna ofuna kusankhidwa kuposa akazi. Izi zili choncho chifukwa zida zolembera anthu ntchito zidapangidwa pogwiritsa ntchito kuyambiranso kuyambira zaka khumi zapitazi pomwe ambiri omwe adalembetsa anali amuna. Detayo inali yokondera ndipo zotsatira zake zimasonyeza kukondera kumeneko. 

Chitsanzo china chodziwika bwino: Pamsonkhano wapachaka wa okonza Google I/O, Google idagawana chithunzithunzi cha chida chothandizira pakhungu cha AI chomwe chimathandiza anthu kumvetsetsa zomwe zikuchitika pakhungu, tsitsi, ndi zikhadabo. Wothandizira dermatology akugogomezera momwe AI ikusinthira kuti ithandizire pazaumoyo - koma idawunikiranso kuthekera kwa kukondera kumalowa mu AI chifukwa chotsutsidwa kuti chidacho sichikwanira kwa anthu amitundu.

Pamene Google idalengeza chidacho, kampaniyo idati:

Kuonetsetsa kuti tikumangira aliyense, chitsanzo chathu chimatengera zinthu monga zaka, kugonana, mtundu, ndi mitundu ya khungu - kuchokera pakhungu lotuwa lomwe silimatentha mpaka khungu lofiirira lomwe silipsa.

Google, Kugwiritsa ntchito AI kuti athandizire kupeza mayankho azovuta zapakhungu

Koma nkhani ku Vice idati Google idalephera kugwiritsa ntchito seti yophatikizira:

Kuti achite ntchitoyi, ofufuzawo adagwiritsa ntchito setifiketi yophunzitsira ya zithunzi za 64,837 za odwala 12,399 omwe amapezeka m'maiko awiri. Koma mwa zikwizikwi zakhungu zomwe zikujambulidwa, 3.5 peresenti yokha idachokera kwa odwala omwe ali ndi mtundu wa Fitzpatrick V ndi VI-omwe akuyimira khungu la bulauni ndi khungu lakuda kapena lakuda, motsatana. Pafupifupi 90% yamasambawa anali ndi anthu okhala ndi khungu loyera, khungu loyera, kapena khungu loyera, malinga ndi kafukufukuyu. Chifukwa cha sampuli zokondera, akatswiri a dermatologists amati pulogalamuyi imatha kupitilira kapena kuzindikiritsa anthu omwe si azungu.

Wachiwiri, Google's New Dermatology App Sinapangidwira Anthu A Khungu Lakuda

Google idayankha ponena kuti ikonza chidacho musanachitulutse mwalamulo:

Chida chathu chothandizira ma dermatology AI ndikumapeto kwa zaka zoposa zitatu zafukufuku. Popeza ntchito yathu idawonetsedwa mu Nature Medicine, tapitiliza kupanga ndikusintha ukadaulo wathu ndikuphatikizanso zosunga zobwezeretsera zomwe zimaphatikizapo data yoperekedwa ndi anthu masauzande ambiri, ndi mamiliyoni azithunzi zodetsa nkhawa zapakhungu.

Google, Kugwiritsa ntchito AI kuti athandizire kupeza mayankho azovuta zapakhungu

Monga momwe tingayembekezere kuti AI ndi mapulogalamu ophunzirira makina atha kukonza zokondera izi, chowonadi chimakhalabe: ali ngati anzeru popeza ma data awo ndi oyera. Mukusintha kwa mwambi wakale wamapulogalamu zinyalala mkati/zinyalala kunja, Mayankho a AI amangokhala amphamvu monga momwe amasungira deta yawo kuchokera pakupita. Popanda kuwongolera kuchokera kwa opanga mapulogalamu, ma data awa alibe chidziwitso chakumbuyo kuti adzikonzere - chifukwa alibe mawonekedwe ena.

Kupanga ma seti a data moyenera ndikofunikira kwambiri nzeru zopangapanga zamakhalidwe. Ndipo anthu ali pachimake pa yankho. 

Mindful AI ndi Ethical AI

Kukondera sikuchitika mopanda kanthu. Ma seti osakhazikika kapena osakondera amachokera pakutengera njira yolakwika panthawi yakukula. Njira yothanirana ndi zolakwika ndikukhala ndi njira yodalirika, yokhazikitsidwa ndi anthu, yomwe ambiri m'makampani akuyitcha kuti Mindful AI. Mindful AI ili ndi zigawo zitatu zofunika:

1. AI yoganiza bwino ndiyokhazikika pamunthu

Kuyambira pachiyambi cha polojekiti ya AI, pokonzekera, zosowa za anthu ziyenera kukhala pakatikati pa chisankho chilichonse. Ndipo izi zikutanthauza kuti anthu onse - osati kagawo kakang'ono. Ichi ndichifukwa chake opanga akuyenera kudalira gulu la anthu osiyanasiyana padziko lonse lapansi kuti aphunzitse mapulogalamu a AI kuti akhale ophatikizana komanso opanda tsankho.

Crowdsourcing ma seti a data kuchokera kumagulu apadziko lonse lapansi, osiyanasiyana amawonetsetsa kuti kukondera kwadziwika ndikusefedwa koyambirira. Anthu amitundu yosiyanasiyana, zaka, amuna, amuna, akazi, maphunziro, chikhalidwe cha anthu, zachuma, ndi madera amatha kuzindikira mosavuta ma data omwe amakondera gulu lina la zikhalidwe kuposa anzawo, motero amachotsa kukondera komwe sakufuna.

Yang'anani pa mapulogalamu a mawu. Mukamagwiritsa ntchito njira yanzeru ya AI, ndikuwonjezera mphamvu ya dziwe la talente lapadziko lonse lapansi, opanga amatha kuwerengera zilankhulo zosiyanasiyana monga zilankhulo ndi katchulidwe kamitundu yosiyanasiyana.

Kukhazikitsa dongosolo lokhazikitsidwa ndi anthu kuyambira pachiyambi ndikofunikira. Zimapita patali pakuwonetsetsa kuti zomwe zapangidwa, zosungidwa, ndi zolembedwa zikugwirizana ndi zomwe ogwiritsa ntchito amayembekezera. Koma m'pofunikanso kuti anthu asamangokhalira kugwirizana pa nthawi yonse ya chitukuko cha zinthu. 

Anthu omwe ali mu loop amathanso kuthandizira makina kupanga chidziwitso chabwinoko cha AI kwa omvera aliyense. Ku Pactera EDGE, magulu athu a projekiti ya data ya AI, omwe ali padziko lonse lapansi, amamvetsetsa momwe zikhalidwe ndi zochitika zosiyanasiyana zingakhudzire kusonkhanitsa ndi kusungitsa deta yodalirika ya maphunziro a AI. Ali ndi zida zofunika zomwe amafunikira kuti awonetsere zovuta, kuziwunika, ndikuzikonza njira yochokera ku AI isanayambike.

Human-in-the-loop AI ndi pulojekiti ya "ukonde wachitetezo" womwe umaphatikiza mphamvu za anthu - ndi miyambo yawo yosiyanasiyana ndi mphamvu yamakompyuta yofulumira yamakina. Mgwirizano wa anthu ndi AIwu uyenera kukhazikitsidwa kuyambira pachiyambi cha mapologalamu kuti zidziwitso zokondera zisakhale maziko pantchitoyo. 

2. Wanzeru AI Ndi Udindo

Kukhala ndiudindo ndikuwonetsetsa kuti machitidwe a AI opanda tsankho komanso okhazikika pamakhalidwe. Ndizokhudza kukumbukira momwe, chifukwa chake, ndi komwe deta imapangidwira, momwe imapangidwira ndi machitidwe a AI, ndi momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito popanga chisankho, zisankho zomwe zingakhale ndi zotsatira zamakhalidwe. Njira imodzi yochitira bizinesi ndi kugwirira ntchito limodzi ndi madera omwe alibe kuyimilira kuti azikhala ophatikizana komanso osakondera. Pankhani ya zofotokozera za data, kafukufuku watsopano akuwunikira momwe mitundu yambiri yofotokozera ntchito zambiri yomwe imatengera zolemba za wofotokozera aliyense ngati gawo laling'ono lomwe lingathandizire kuchepetsa zomwe zingachitike mu njira zowona zenizeni pomwe kusagwirizana kwa omasulira kungakhale chifukwa choyimira pang'ono komanso zitha kunyalanyazidwa pakuphatikiza zofotokozera ku mfundo imodzi. 

3. Wodalirika

Kudalirika kumachokera kubizinesi kukhala yowonekera komanso yofotokozera momwe mtundu wa AI umaphunzitsira, momwe umagwirira ntchito, komanso chifukwa chomwe amapangira zotsatira zake. Bizinesi imafunikira ukadaulo wokhazikika wa AI kuti zitheke kwa makasitomala ake kuti apangitse ntchito zawo za AI kukhala zophatikizika komanso zamunthu, kulemekeza zovuta m'zilankhulo zakomweko komanso zomwe ogwiritsa ntchito akumana nazo zomwe zingapangitse kapena kuphwanya kukhulupirika kwa yankho la AI kuchokera kudziko lina kupita ku lina. . Mwachitsanzo, bizinezi ikuyenera kupanga kalembedwe kake kogwirizana ndi makonda ake, kuphatikiza zilankhulo, zilankhulo, ndi katchulidwe ka mawu. Mwanjira imeneyi, pulogalamu imabweretsa luso lofanana lachidziwitso cha mawu m'zilankhulo zonse, kuchokera ku Chingerezi kupita ku zilankhulo zomwe sizikuyimiridwa kwambiri.

Chilungamo ndi Kusiyanasiyana

Pamapeto pake, AI yolingalira imatsimikizira kuti mayankho amangidwa pamasamba osakondera komanso osiyanasiyana pomwe zotsatira ndi zotsatirapo zake zimayang'aniridwa ndikuyesedwa yankho lisanapite kumsika. Pokumbukira ndikuphatikizira anthu mgawo lililonse la mayankho, timathandizira kuwonetsetsa kuti mitundu ya AI imakhala yoyera, yopanda tsankho, komanso yoyenera momwe tingathere.

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