Blockchain - Tsogolo Laukadaulo Wazachuma

chitukuko cha blockchain
Nthawi Yowerenga: 4 mphindi

Mawu oti cryptocurrency ndi blockchain tsopano amapezeka kulikonse. Chidwi pagulu chitha kufotokozedwa ndi zinthu ziwiri: mtengo wokwera wa Bitcoin cryptocurrency komanso zovuta kumvetsetsa tanthauzo la ukadaulo. Mbiri yakupezeka kwa ndalama zadijito zoyamba komanso ukadaulo wa P2P zidzatithandiza kumvetsetsa "nkhalango za crypto" izi.

Makhalidwe Ovomerezeka

Pali matanthauzidwe awiri a Blockchain:

• Mndandanda wa mabotolo omwe amakhala ndi chidziwitso.
• Nawonso achichepere omwe amagawidwa mobwerezabwereza;

Zonse ndi zowona koma sizimayankha funso loti ndi chiyani. Kuti mumvetsetse bwino ukadaulowu, ndikofunikira kukumbukira kuti ndi mapangidwe ati amtundu wa makompyuta omwe alipo ndipo ndi ati mwa iwo omwe amalamulira msika wamakono wa IT.

Okwana pali mitundu iwiri ya mapangidwe:

  1. Makasitomala a seva yamakasitomala;
  2. Makanema anzanu.

Kugwiritsa ntchito ma intaneti m'njira yoyamba kumatanthauza kuwongolera pakatikati pazonse: kugwiritsa ntchito, deta, kufikira. Malingaliro onse amtundu ndi zidziwitso zimabisika mkati mwa seva, zomwe zimachepetsa magwiridwe antchito azida zamakasitomala ndikuwonetsetsa kuti ntchito yayenda mofulumira kwambiri. Njirayi yathandizidwa kwambiri masiku ano.

Zochita anzawo kapena maukonde azachikhalidwe alibe chida champhamvu, ndipo onse omwe ali nawo pachimodzi ali ndi ufulu wofanana. Mwa mtunduwu, wosuta aliyense samangogula komanso amakhala wothandizira.

Njira yoyamba yolumikizirana ndi anzawo ndi USENET yomwe idafalitsa uthenga mu 1979. Zaka makumi awiri zikubwerazi zidadziwika ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa P2P (Peer-to-Peer) - kugwiritsa ntchito magawo osiyanasiyana. Chimodzi mwazitsanzo zodziwika bwino ndi ntchito ya Napster, netiweki yodziwika bwino yogawana anzawo, kapena BOINC, pulogalamu yamapulogalamu yogawira makompyuta, ndi protocol ya BitTorrent, yomwe ndi maziko amakasitomala amakono amtsinje.

Makina ozikidwa pamaukadaulo opitilirapo amakhalapobe, koma amataya mwayi kwa kasitomala-seva pakuchuluka ndikutsatira zosowa za ogula.

Kusungirako Deta

Ntchito ndi machitidwe ochulukirapo ogwiritsa ntchito bwino amafuna kuti azitha kugwiritsa ntchito seti ya data. Pali njira zambiri zokonzera ntchito yotere ndipo imodzi mwayo imagwiritsa ntchito njira za anzawo. Zomwe zimagawidwa, kapena zofanana, zimasiyanitsidwa ndi chidziwitso chakuti gawo limodzi kapena lathunthu limasungidwa pachida chilichonse cha netiweki.

Chimodzi mwamaubwino amtunduwu ndikupezeka kwa data: palibe chifukwa cholephera, monga momwe zimakhalira ndi database yomwe ili pa seva imodzi. Njirayi ilinso ndi zoperewera pazothamanga kwakusintha kwa data ndikuzigawa pakati pa mamembala amaneti. Makina oterewa sangagwirizane ndi zolemetsa za mamiliyoni ogwiritsa ntchito omwe nthawi zonse amafalitsa zatsopano.

Tekinoloje ya blockchain imagwiritsa ntchito nkhokwe yogawa pamabwalo, yomwe ndi mndandanda wolumikizidwa (chipika chilichonse chotsatira chimakhala ndi chizindikiritso cham'mbuyomu). Wembala aliyense wa netiweki amasunga zochitika zonse zomwe zachitika nthawi zonse. Izi sizikanatheka popanda zatsopano zomwe zidapangidwa kuti zitsimikizire chitetezo ndi kupezeka kwa netiweki. Izi zimatifikitsa ku "mzati" womaliza wa blockchain - zojambulajambula. Muyenera kulumikizana ndi a kampani yoyendetsa mapulogalamu a mafoni kulemba ntchito opanga ma blockchain kuti aphatikize ukadaulo uwu mu bizinesi yanu.

chipika unyolo

Pambuyo pophunzira zigawo zikuluzikulu komanso mbiri yakapangidwe kaukadaulo, ndi nthawi yoti tithetse nthano yokhudzana ndi mawu oti "blockchain". Taganizirani chitsanzo chosavuta chosinthira ndalama zama digito, mfundo yoyendetsera ukadaulo wa blockchain popanda makompyuta.

Tiyerekeze kuti tili ndi gulu la anthu 10 omwe akufuna kuti azitha kuchita ntchito zosinthana ndi ndalama kunja kwa banki. Ganizirani motsatizana zomwe anthu omwe akuchita nawo pulogalamuyi, pomwe blockchain idzaimiridwa ndi mapepala wamba:

Chopanda Bokosi

Wophunzira aliyense ali ndi bokosi momwe angawonjezere mapepala okhala ndi chidziwitso chazomwe zachitika mu dongosololi.

Nthawi Yogulitsa

Wophunzira aliyense amakhala ndi pepala komanso cholembera ndipo ali wokonzeka kulemba zochitika zonse zomwe zipangidwe.

Nthawi ina, wophunzira nambala 2 akufuna kutumiza madola 100 kwa wophunzira 9.

Pofuna kumaliza ntchitoyi, Wophunzira nawo Nambala 2 akuuza aliyense kuti: "Ndikufuna kusamutsa madola 100 kupita ku No. 9, chifukwa chake lembani izi papepala lanu."

Pambuyo pake, aliyense amafufuza kuti awone ngati Wophunzira nawo 2 ali ndi ndalama zokwanira kumaliza ntchitoyo. Ngati ndi choncho, aliyense amalembera za malipoti awo.

Pambuyo pake, kugulitsako kumawerengedwa kuti kwatha.

Kukhazikitsa Zogulitsa

Popita nthawi, ophunzira ena amafunikiranso kusinthana. Ophunzira akupitilizabe kulengeza ndi kujambula zochitika zonse zomwe zachitika. Mwa chitsanzo chathu, zochitika 10 zitha kulembedwa papepala limodzi, pambuyo pake ndikofunikira kuyika pepala lomalizidwa m'bokosi ndikutenga lina.

Kuphatikiza Mapepala ku Bokosi

Mfundo yoti pepala lidayikidwa mubokosi limatanthauza kuti onse omwe akutenga nawo mbali amavomereza kuti zonse zomwe zachitika ndizosatheka kusintha pepalalo mtsogolo. Izi ndizomwe zimatsimikizira kukhulupirika kwa zochitika zonse pakati pa ophunzira omwe sakhulupirira wina ndi mnzake.

Gawo lomaliza ndi nkhani yothetsera vuto la akazembe a Byzantine. Potengera kulumikizana kwa omwe akutenga nawo mbali, ena mwa iwo atha kukhala olowerera, ndikofunikira kupeza njira yopambana ya onse. Njira yothetsera vutoli imatha kuwonedwa kudzera mu prism ya mitundu yopikisana.

tsogolo

M'munda wazida zachuma, Bitcoin, pokhala woyamba kuchuluka kwa ndalama zandalama, awonetsadi momwe angasewerere ndi malamulo atsopano popanda oyimira pakati ndi kuwongolera kuchokera pamwamba. Komabe, mwina chofunikira kwambiri chifukwa chakuwonekera kwa Bitcoin ndikupanga ukadaulo wa blockchain. Lumikizanani ndi makampani opanga blockchain kuti alembetse opanga ma blockchain kuti aphatikize ukadaulo uwu mu bizinesi yanu.

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