Momwe Mungatetezere WordPress mu Njira Zosavuta 10

Momwe Mungasungire Tsamba Lanu la WordPress

Kodi mukudziwa kuti ma hacks opitilira 90,000 amayesedwa mphindi iliyonse pamasamba a WordPress padziko lonse lapansi? Ngati muli ndi tsamba loyendetsedwa ndi WordPress, lamuloli liyenera kukudetsani nkhawa. Zilibe kanthu ngati mukuyendetsa bizinesi yaying'ono. Osewera sikusankha kutengera kukula kapena kufunikira kwamawebusayiti. Akungoyang'ana zovuta zilizonse zomwe zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuti ziwathandize.

Mwinamwake mukudabwa - chifukwa chiyani owononga amawunikira malo a WordPress poyamba? Kodi amapindula chiyani pochita zinthu zoipa zoterezi? 

Tiyeni tiwone.

N 'chifukwa Chiyani Omwe Amabera Masamba a WordPress?

Khalani pa WordPress kapena nsanja ina iliyonse; palibe tsamba lawebusayiti lomwe ndi lotetezeka kwa osokoneza. Kukhala ambiri nsanja yotchuka ya CMS, Masamba a WordPress ndi omwe amawakonda kwambiri. Nazi zomwe amachita:

  • Dziwani zatsopano chitetezo pachiwopsezo, zomwe ndizosavuta kuzipeza patsamba laling'ono. Wobera akaphunzira za kufooka kulikonse kapena chiopsezo, atha kugwiritsa ntchito chidziwitso chawo kutsata masamba akuluakulu ndikuwononga zambiri.
  • Yendetsani kumsewu womwe ukubwera kupita kumawebusayiti osafunsidwa. Ichi ndi chifukwa chofikira kutsata malo othamangitsa anthu ambiri, chifukwa chake tsamba lenileni limatha kutaya onse ogwiritsa ntchito patsamba lina lokayikitsa.
  • Pangani ndalama kapena pangani ndalama kuchokera kugulitsa zinthu zoletsedwa pamasamba enieni kapena kudzera pazinthu zaumbanda monga chiwombolo kapena migodi ya crypto.
  • Pezani mwayi waluntha kapena chinsinsi monga zambiri zamakasitomala, zambiri zamabizinesi azinsinsi, kapena mbiri yazachuma ya kampani. Ma hackers amatha kupitiliza kugulitsa izi kuti zibweretse ndalama kapena kuzigwiritsa ntchito ngati mwayi wopikisana nawo.

Tsopano popeza tadziwa momwe obera amatha kupindula ndi kubera kapena kunyengerera bwino, tiyeni tipitilize kukambirana njira khumi zoyeserera kupeza tsamba la WordPress.

Njira 10 Zotsimikizika Zotetezera Tsamba Lanu

Mwamwayi pa WordPress, pali njira zingapo zomwe mungagwiritse ntchito kukweza tsamba lawebusayiti. Gawo labwino kwambiri panjira izi ndikuti ambiri aiwo siovuta ndipo amatha kutsegulidwa ndi aliyense wogwiritsa ntchito WordPress. Kotero, tiyeni tiyambe. 

Khwerero 1: Sinthani Core WordPress yanu ndi Mapulagini ndi Mitu

Mitundu yakale ya WordPress, limodzi ndi mapulagini akale ndi mitu ndi zina mwazifukwa zomwe masamba a WordPress amabedwa. Ma hackers nthawi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito nsikidzi zokhudzana ndi chitetezo muma WordPress am'mbuyomu ndi ma plugin / theme omwe akugwirabe ntchito pamasamba ambiri a WordPress.

Chomwe mungachite kuti musatengeke ndi izi ndikuwonjezera kusintha kwanu kwa Core WordPress ndikumasinthira mitundu yatsopano yamapulagini / mitu. Kuti muchite izi, mutsegule magwiridwe antchito a "Auto Update" mu akaunti yanu ya WordPress kapena muwerenge mapulagini / mitu yanu yonse yomwe mwayikapo pano.

Gawo 2: Gwiritsani Chitetezo cha Firewall 

Ma hackers nthawi zambiri amatumiza ma bots okha kapena IP zopempha kuti athe kupeza masamba a WordPress. Ngati apambana pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi, owononga amatha kuwononga tsamba lililonse patsamba lililonse. Zowunikira pamawebusayiti zimamangidwa kuti zizindikiritse zopempha za IP kuchokera kuma adilesi a IP okayikira ndikuletsa zopempha izi asanafike pa seva.

makhoma oteteza
Zowonjezera. Lingaliro lachitetezo cha chidziwitso. Lingaliro laukadaulo lokhala loyera

 Mutha kukhazikitsa zotchingira firewall patsamba lanu posankha:

  • Ma firewall omangidwa - kuchokera ku kampani yanu yobwezera intaneti
  • Mawotchi oyatsa moto - wokhala pamapulatifomu akunja amtambo
  • Zowotchera m'mapulagi - zomwe zitha kukhazikitsidwa patsamba lanu la WordPress

Gawo 3: Jambulani ndikuchotsa pulogalamu yaumbanda iliyonse

Osewera akungobwera ndi mitundu yatsopano yaumbanda kuti asokoneze tsamba lawo. Ngakhale pulogalamu yaumbanda ina imatha kuwononga nthawi yomweyo ndikuwononga tsamba lanu, zina ndizovuta kwambiri ndipo zimakhala zovuta kuzizindikira ngakhale kwa masiku kapena milungu. 

Njira yabwino kwambiri yodzitetezera ku pulogalamu yaumbanda ndiyo kuwunika tsamba lanu lathunthu kuti mupeze matenda aliwonse. Mapulagini apamwamba a chitetezo cha WordPress monga MalCare ndi WordFence ndibwino kuti muzindikire koyambirira komanso kuyeretsa pulogalamu yaumbanda. Mapulagini achitetezo awa ndiosavuta kukhazikitsa ndikuchita ngakhale kwa osagwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo.

pulogalamu yaumbanda

Gawo 4: Gwiritsani Ntchito Webusayiti Yotetezeka komanso Yodalirika 

Kuphatikiza pa mitundu yakale ya WordPress ndi mapulagini / mitu, kukhazikitsa masamba awebusayiti kuli ndi tanthauzo lakutetezedwa patsamba lanu. Mwachitsanzo, onyoza nthawi zambiri amalunjika masamba awebusayiti pamalo omwe amakhala nawo omwe amakhala ndi seva yomweyo pakati pa masamba angapo. Ngakhale kugawana nawo ndikotsika mtengo, oseketsa amatha kupatsira tsamba limodzi tsamba limodzi ndikufalitsa matendawa kumawebusayiti ena onse.

Kuti mukhale otetezeka, sankhani pulani yokonzekera ukonde yokhala ndi zida zophatikizika. Pewani magulu omwe akugawana nawo ndipo, m'malo mwake, pitani ku VPS yokhazikika kapena yoyendetsedwa ndi WordPress.

Khwerero 5: Tengani Zosunga Zathunthu pa tsamba lanu la WordPress

Zosungira masamba awebusayiti zitha kupulumutsa moyo ngati china chake chikugwirizana ndi tsamba lanu. Ma backups a WordPress amasungira masamba anu atsamba lanu ndi mafayilo achinsinsi pamalo abwino. Pakakhala kuthyolako bwino, mutha kubwezeretsa mafayilo obwezeretsa mosavuta patsamba lanu ndikuwongolera momwe amagwirira ntchito.

Ma backup a WordPress atha kuchitidwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana, koma njira yabwino kwambiri kwa osagwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo ndi kudzera m'mapulagini osungira monga BlogVault kapena BackupBuddy. Kusavuta kuyigwiritsa ntchito, mapulagini osungira awa amatha kupanga zochitika zokhudzana ndi zosunga zobwezeretsera kuti muzitha kuyang'ana kwambiri ntchito zanu za tsiku ndi tsiku.

Khwerero 6: Tetezani Tsamba Lanu Lolowera WordPress

Pakati pamasamba omwe amapezeka kwambiri omwe amabedwa ndi omwe amabera anzawo, tsamba lanu lolowera mu WordPress limatha kukupatsani mwayi wosunga zinsinsi zanu zambiri. Pogwiritsa ntchito zida zankhanza, obera amatumiza ma bots omwe amangoyesa mobwerezabwereza kupeza akaunti yanu ya "admin" ya WordPress kudzera patsamba lolowera.

Pali njira zingapo zotetezera tsamba lanu lolowera. Mwachitsanzo, mutha kubisa kapena kusintha ulalo wanu wamakalata olowera, womwe ndi www.mysite.com/wp-admin. 

Mapulagini otchuka a WordPress Login monga "Theme My Login" amakuthandizani kubisa (kapena kusintha) tsamba lanu lolowera mosavuta.

Khwerero 7: Chotsani Mapulagini osagwiritsidwa Ntchito kapena Osagwira Ntchito ndi Mitu

Monga tanenera kale, mapulagini / mitu imatha kupereka njira yosavuta kwa obera kuti awononge tsamba lanu la WordPress. Izi ndizowona chimodzimodzi kwa mapulagini aliwonse omwe sanagwiritsidwe ntchito kapena osagwira ntchito. Ngati mwaika izi zambiri patsamba lanu ndipo simukuzigwiritsanso ntchito, ndibwino kuti muzichotse kapena kuzisintha ndi mapulagini / mitu yambiri.

Kodi mumachita bwanji izi? Lowani kuakaunti yanu ya WordPress ngati boma wosuta ndikuwona mndandanda wa mapulagini / mitu yomwe idakhazikitsidwa pano. Chotsani mapulagini / mitu yonse yomwe sigwiranso ntchito.

Gawo 8: Gwiritsani Ntchito Mapasiwedi Olimba

Kodi izi siziyenera kukhala zowonekeratu? Komabe, tili ndi mapasiwedi ofooka monga achinsinsi ndi 123456 kugwiritsidwa ntchito. Anthu obera ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito mawu achinsinsi ofooka kuti achitepo kanthu mwamphamvu.

mawu achinsinsi

Kwa ogwiritsa ntchito anu onse a WordPress, tsatirani malangizo. Njira yowonjezera yachitetezo iyenera kukhala kusintha mapasiwedi anu a WordPress kamodzi pamiyezi itatu iliyonse.

Gawo 9: Pezani Sitifiketi cha SSL Chatsamba Lanu

Chidule cha Socket Socket Layer, chiphaso cha SSL ndichofunikira kwambiri patsamba lililonse, kuphatikiza masamba a WordPress. Nchifukwa chiyani amaonedwa kuti ndi otetezeka? Tsamba lililonse lotsimikizika ndi SSL limasunga zidziwitso zomwe zimaperekedwa pakati pa seva ndi msakatuli waosuta. Izi zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kuti obera azilanda ndikubera zinsinsi izi. Zowonjezera ndi ziti? Masamba awa amasangalalanso ndi Google ndipo amalandira a malo apamwamba pa Google.

otetezeka https ssl
Adilesi ya intaneti yatetezedwa kuwonetsa pazenera la LCD.

Mutha kupeza satifiketi ya SSL kuchokera kwa omwe akukuthandizani pa tsamba lanu. Mwinanso, mutha kukhazikitsa zida monga Tiyeni Tilembere patsamba lanu la satifiketi ya SSL.

Khwerero 10: Gwiritsani Kuumitsa Webusayiti ya WordPress 

Gawo lomaliza ndikutumiza njira zowumitsira tsamba lawebusayiti zotchulidwa ndi WordPress. Kutsutsa kwa tsamba la WordPress muli zinthu zingapo zomwe zikuphatikizapo:

  • Kulepheretsa kusintha kwa mafayilo kuti muteteze nambala yoyipa m'mafayilo anu a WordPress ofunika
  • Kulepheretsa kuphedwa kwa fayilo ya PHP komwe kumalepheretsa osokoneza kuchita mafayilo a PHP okhala ndi nambala iliyonse yoyipa
  • Kubisa mtundu wa WordPress womwe umalepheretsa obera kuti asapeze mtundu wanu wa WordPress ndikufufuza zovuta zilizonse
  • Kubisa mafayilo a wp-config.php ndi .htaccess omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi owononga kuti awononge tsamba lanu la WordPress

Pomaliza

Palibe tsamba la WordPress, lalikulu kapena laling'ono, lotetezeka kwathunthu kwa osokoneza ndi pulogalamu yaumbanda. Komabe, mutha kuwonjezeradi chitetezo chanu potsatira chilichonse mwazigawo khumi zomwe zafotokozedwa munkhaniyi. Izi ndizosavuta kuzichita ndipo sizikusowa ukadaulo waluso waluso.

Kuti zinthu zisamavutike, mapulagini ambiri achitetezo amaphatikizira zambiri mwazinthuzi, monga zotchingira makhoma oteteza moto, kusanthula ndandanda, kuchotsa pulogalamu yaumbanda, ndi kuumitsa tsamba lawebusayiti muzogulitsa zawo. Timalimbikitsa kwambiri kuti chitetezo cha webusayiti chikhale gawo lanu Mndandanda wosamalira tsamba lanu

Tiuzeni zomwe mukuganiza pamndandandawu. Kodi taphonya njira yofunika kwambiri yachitetezo yomwe ndiyofunikira kwambiri? Tiuzeni mu ndemanga zanu.

Mukuganiza chiyani?

Tsambali likugwiritsa ntchito Akismet kuchepetsa spam. Phunzirani momwe deta yanu ikufotokozera.