Kugwira Ntchito Ndi The .htaccess File In WordPress

htaccess fayilo WordPress

WordPress Ndi nsanja yayikulu yomwe imapangidwa bwino chifukwa chatsatanetsatane komanso mwamphamvu momwe dashboard ya WordPress ilili. Mutha kukwaniritsa zambiri, potengera momwe tsamba lanu limagwirira ntchito, pogwiritsa ntchito zida zomwe WordPress yakupatsani monga momwe zimakhalira.

Ikubwera nthawi pamoyo wamwini wa tsamba lililonse, komabe, pomwe muyenera kupitilira izi. Kugwira ntchito ndi WordPress fayilo ya .htaccess ikhoza kukhala njira imodzi yochitira izi. Fayiloyi ndi fayilo yoyambira yomwe tsamba lanu limadalira, ndipo imakhudzidwa makamaka ndi momwe ma permalinks a tsamba lanu amagwirira ntchito.

Fayilo ya .htaccess itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kukwaniritsa zinthu zingapo zothandiza, komabe. Tidafotokozerapo kale zina mwazinthu, kuphatikiza njira zopangira regex imabwezeretsanso mu WordPress, ndikuwonanso mwachidule mutu umabwereranso ku WordPress. Mu maupangiri onsewa, tidapeza ndikusintha fayilo ya .htaccess, koma osafotokoza zambiri za chifukwa chomwe fayiloyo ilipo, ndi momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito.

Ndicho cholinga cha nkhaniyi. Choyamba, tiwona zomwe fayilo ya .htaccess imachita pakukhazikitsa kwa WordPress. Kenako, tifotokoza momwe mungapezere, komanso momwe mungasinthire. Pomaliza, tikuwonetsani chifukwa chake mungafune kuchita izi.

Kodi Fayilo ya .htaccess Ndi Chiyani?

Tiyeni titenge zoyambira panjira poyamba. Fayilo ya .htaccess sikuti kwenikweni ndi a Fayilo ya WordPress. Kapena, kuti mumveke bwino, fayilo ya .htaccess ndi fayilo yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ma seva apache a Apache. Iyi ndiye njira akugwiritsidwa ntchito ndimasamba ambiri a WordPress ndi omwe amakhala nawo. Chifukwa cha kufalikira kwa Apache zikafika pakuwongolera masamba a WordPress, tsamba lililonse ili lili ndi fayilo ya .htaccess.

Fayilo ya .htaccess imagawana mawonekedwe ndi mafayilo ena omwe tsamba lanu la WordPress limagwiritsa ntchito pakusintha. Fayiloyo ndi fayilo yobisika ndipo iyenera kusungidwa kuti isinthidwe. Imakhalanso pamndandanda wazomwe mumalemba a WordPress.

Kumbukirani, fayilo ya .htaccess imachita chinthu chimodzi ndi chinthu chimodzi chokha: zimatsimikizira momwe ma permalinks a tsamba lanu amasonyezedwera. Ndichoncho. 

Zobisika kuseri kwa kufotokoza kosavuta ndizovuta kwambiri, komabe. Izi ndichifukwa choti eni malo ambiri, mapulagini, ndi mitu amasintha momwe ma permalink amagwiritsidwira ntchito patsamba lanu la WordPress. Nthawi iliyonse yomwe inu (kapena pulogalamu yowonjezera) mumasintha momwe ma permalink anu amagwirira ntchito, zosinthazi zimasungidwa mu fayilo ya .htaccess. 

Momwemonso, iyi ndi njira yabwino kwambiri, ndipo ndiyotetezeka. Komabe, mdziko lenileni zimatha kubweretsa zovuta zenizeni. Imodzi ndi chifukwa Okhazikitsa 75% amagwiritsa JavaScript, ndipo chifukwa chake sali omasuka kugwiritsa ntchito Apache, mapulagini ambiri amatha kulemba fayilo ya .htaccess m'njira yomwe imasiya tsamba lanu kukhala losatetezeka. Kukhazikitsa (kapena kuwona komwe) mtundu uwu wa nkhani sitingathe kuwuwona pano, koma mapangidwe oyenera a mapulagini amagwiritsidwa ntchito - ingoyikani omwe mumawakhulupirira, ndipo amasinthidwa pafupipafupi kuti akonze mabowo otetezera ngati awa.

Kupeza Ndi Kusintha Fayilo ya .htaccess

Ngakhale kuti fayilo ya .htaccess imapangidwa kuti igwiritse ntchito ma permalinks patsamba lanu, mutha kusintha fayiloyo kuti mukwaniritse zotsatira zingapo zabwino: izi zikuphatikiza kuwongolera, kapena kungosintha chitetezo patsamba lanu poletsa kufikira kwina masamba ena.

M'chigawo chino, tikuwonetsani momwe mungachitire izi. Koma choyamba… 

Chenjezo: Kusintha fayilo ya .htaccess kumatha kuswa tsamba lanu. 

Kupanga kusintha kulikonse pamafayilo oyambira patsamba lanu ndiwowopsa. Muyenera nthawi zonse sungani tsamba lanu musanachite chilichonse chosintha, ndikuyesa osakhudza tsamba lanu. 

M'malo mwake, pali chifukwa chabwino chomwe fayilo la .htaccess silipezeka kwa ogwiritsa ntchito WordPress ambiri. WordPress ili ndi gawo lodziwika bwino pamsika wamawebusayiti ang'onoang'ono, ndipo izi zikutanthauza kuti ambiri mwa omwe akuwagwiritsa ntchito, tinganene kuti, osati okonda kwambiri. Ichi ndichifukwa chake fayilo ya .htaccess imabisika mwachinsinsi - kupewa ogwiritsa ntchito novice omwe amalakwitsa.

Kupeza Ndi Kusintha Fayilo ya .htaccess

Ndizo zonse zomwe zatha, tiyeni tiwone momwe mungapezere fayilo ya .htaccess. Kuti muchite izi:

  1. Pangani kulumikizana ndi tsambalo pogwiritsa ntchito kasitomala wa FTP. Pali maulere ambiri, makasitomala abwino a FTP kunja uko, kuphatikiza FileZilla. Werengani zolembedwa zomwe zaperekedwa kuti mulumikizane ndi FTP patsamba lanu.
  2. Mukakhazikitsa kulumikizana kwa FTP, mudzawonetsedwa mafayilo onse omwe amapanga tsamba lanu. Yang'anani kudzera m'mafodawa, ndipo muwona imodzi yotchedwa chikwatu cha mizu.
  3. Mkati mwa chikwatu ichi, muwona fayilo yanu ya .htaccess. Nthawi zambiri imakhala pafupi ndi mndandanda wamafayilo omwe ali mufodayo. Dinani pa fayilo, kenako ndikudina view / edit. 
  4. Fayiloyi idzatsegulidwa mkonzi.

Ndipo ndizo zonse. Mukuloledwa kuti musinthe fayilo yanu, koma dziwani kuti mwina simukufuna kuchita izi. Tikuwonetsani momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito fayilo m'chigawo chotsatira, koma tisanachite izi ndibwino kutero pangani mtundu wakomweko ya fayilo yanu ya .htaccess (pogwiritsa ntchito dialog ya "save as"), pangani zosintha zanu kwanuko, kenako ndikukhazikitsa fayiloyo patsamba latsamba (monga tawonera pamwambapa).

Kugwiritsa Ntchito Fayilo ya .htaccess

Tsopano mwakonzeka kuyamba kugwiritsa ntchito magwiridwe owonjezera omwe amaperekedwa ndi fayilo ya .htacess. Tiyeni tiyambe ndi zochepa zofunika.

  • 301 ikuwongolera - The 301 apatutsira ndi kachidutswa kakang'ono ka code yomwe imatumiza alendo kuchokera patsamba limodzi kupita kwina, ndipo ndikofunikira ngati mungasinthe positi inayake yolumikizidwa ndi tsamba lina. Kapenanso, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito fayilo ya .htaccess kuti muthe kutumizanso tsambalo. Muthanso kuwongolera alendo kuchokera patsamba lakale la HTTP kutsamba latsopano, lotetezeka, la HTTPS. Onjezani izi ku fayilo ya .htacess:

Redirect 301 /oldpage.html /newpage.html

  • Security - Palinso njira zingapo zogwiritsa ntchito fayilo ya .htaccess kugwiritsa ntchito njira zachitetezo cha WP. Chimodzi mwazi ndi tsekani kufikira mafayilo ena kotero kuti ogwiritsa ntchito okha omwe ali ndi kutsimikizika kolondola ndi omwe angapeze mafayilo amkati omwe tsamba lanu la WordPress limayendetsedwa. Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito nambala iyi, yolumikizidwa kumapeto kwa fayilo yanu ya .htaccess, kuti muchepetse kufikira kwamafayilo angapo oyambira:

<FilesMatch "^.*(error_log|wp-config\.php|php.ini|\.[hH][tT][aApP].*)$">
Order deny,allow
Deny from all
</FilesMatch>

  • Sinthani ma URL - Chinthu china chofunikira pa fayilo ya .htaccess, ngakhale chovuta kwambiri kuyigwiritsa ntchito, ndikuti fayiloyo itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuwongolera momwe ma URL amawonetsera alendo anu akafika patsamba lanu. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kuwonetsetsa kuti mukugwiritsa ntchito mtundu waposachedwa kwambiri wa Apache. Izi zimapangitsa ulalowu wa tsamba limodzi kuwoneka wosiyana ndi alendo. Chitsanzo chomalizachi - mwina - chovuta kwambiri kwa ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri kungozolowera fayilo ya .htaccess. Komabe, ndaphatikizira kuti ndikuwonetseni kukula kwa zomwe zingapezeke ndi fayilo. Ikani izi pa fayilo yanu ya .htaccess:

RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule ^oranges.html$ apples.html

Kupitiliza Zambiri Ndi .htaccess

Kugwira ntchito ndi fayilo ya .htaccess ndi njira yabwino yophunzirira momwe tsamba lanu la WordPress limagwirira ntchito pamlingo wofunikira kwambiri, ndikupatseni chithunzithunzi cha kukula kwakusintha komwe ngakhale tsamba wamba la WP limakupatsani. Mukadziwa kugwira ntchito ndi fayilo ya .htaccess pakupanga zosintha zomwe tafotokozazi, mwayi wosankha umakutsegulirani. Chimodzi, monga tidafotokozera kale, ndikutha kutero bwezerani blog yanu ya WordPress

Njira inanso ndikuti njira zambiri zosinthira chitetezo chanu cha WordPress zimaphatikizapo kusintha fayilo ya .htaccess mwachindunji, kapena kugwiritsa ntchito njira yomweyo ya FTP kuti musinthe mafayilo ena. Mwanjira ina, mukayamba kuyang'ana mtedza ndi mabatani a tsamba lanu, mupeza mwayi wosasintha ndikusintha.

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