Kodi API imayimira chiyani? Ndi Maina Ena: REST, SOAP, XML, JSON, WSDL

Kodi API Imayimira Chiyani

Mukamagwiritsa ntchito msakatuli, msakatuli wanu amapempha kuchokera kwa seva yamakasitomala ndipo seva imatumizanso mafayilo omwe msakatuli wanu amasonkhanitsa ndikuwonetsa tsamba lanu. Koma bwanji ngati mumangofuna kuti seva yanu kapena tsamba lanu lawebusayiti liyankhule ndi seva ina? Izi zingafune kuti mupange pulogalamu ku API.

Kodi chiani? API amayimira?

API ndichidule cha Ntchito Pulogalamu Yopangira. An API Ndidongosolo lazinthu, ma protocol, ndi zida zomangira mapulogalamu ogwiritsa ntchito intaneti ndi mafoni. Pulogalamu ya API imafotokozera momwe mungatsimikizire (zosakakamiza), kupempha ndi kulandira zambiri kuchokera ku API seva.

Kodi API ndi chiyani?

Pogwiritsidwa ntchito potengera chitukuko cha intaneti, a API nthawi zambiri imakhala yofunsira mauthenga ofunsira Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), komanso tanthauzo la kapangidwe ka mauthenga oyankha. Web APIs imalola kuphatikiza kwa ntchito zingapo kukhala mapulogalamu atsopano omwe amadziwika kuti mashup.Wikipedia

Kufotokozera Kwakanema kwa Zomwe ma API amachita

Pali ma protocol awiri akulu mukamapanga API. Zilankhulo zovomerezeka monga Microsoft .NET ndi opanga Java nthawi zambiri amakonda SOAP koma njira yotchuka kwambiri ndi REST. Monga momwe mumalembera adilesi mu msakatuli kuti mupeze yankho, nambala yanu imapereka chikalata kwa a API - kwenikweni njira yapa seva yomwe imatsimikizira ndikuyankha moyenera ndi zomwe mudapempha. Mayankho a SOAP amayankha ndi XML, yomwe imawoneka ngati HTML - nambala yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi msakatuli wanu.

Ngati mungafune kuyesa ma API osalemba mzere wa malamulo, Zamgululi ali ndi zabwino Ntchito ya Chrome polumikizana ndi ma API ndikuwona mayankho awo.

Kodi SDK yachinsinsi imayimira chiyani?

SDK ndichidule cha Pulogalamu Yopanga Mapulogalamu.

Kampani ikasindikiza API yawo, pamakhala zolemba zomwe zimawonetsa momwe API amatsimikizira, momwe angafunsidwe, ndi mayankho oyenera. Pofuna kuthandiza opanga kuyamba, makampani nthawi zambiri amasindikiza fayilo ya Pulogalamu Yopanga Mapulogalamu kuphatikiza kalasi kapena ntchito zofunikira mosavuta kumapulojekiti omwe wolemba mapulogalamuwo alemba.

Kodi XML Yodziwika ndi chiyani?

XML ndichidule cha Chilankhulo cha eXtensible Markup. XML ndi chilankhulo chomasulira chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kusanja deta mu mawonekedwe omwe amatha kuwerengedwa ndi anthu komanso makina owerengeka.

Nachi chitsanzo cha momwe XML imawonekera:

<?xml mtundu ="1.0"?>
<product id ="1">
Mankhwala A
Choyambirira

5.00
aliyense

Kodi dzina lotchedwa JSON limayimira chiyani?

JSON ndichidule cha JavaScript Object Notation. JSON ndi mtundu wopanga zomwe zimatumizidwa mobwerezabwereza kudzera pa API. JSON ndi njira ina ya XML. Ma REST APIs amayankha nthawi zambiri ndi JSON - mawonekedwe otseguka omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mawu owerengeka ndi anthu kuti atumize zinthu zomwe zimakhala ndi ma value-value pair.

Nachi chitsanzo cha zomwe zili pamwambapa pogwiritsa ntchito JSON:

{
"id": 1,
"mutu": "Zogulitsa A",
"kufotokozera": "Choyambirira",
"mtengo": {
"kuchuluka": "5.00",
"pa": "aliyense"
}
}

Kodi Acronym REST imayimira chiyani?

REST ndichidule cha Kuyimira Kutumiza Kwa Boma kalembedwe kamapangidwe amagawidwe a hypermedia system Amadziwika ndi Roy Thomas Fielding

Whew… mpweya wabwino! Mutha kuwerenga zonse zolemba pano, yotchedwa Architectural Styles ndi Design of Network-based Software Architectures yoperekedwa mokhutiritsa pang'ono zofunikira za digiri ya DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY in Information and Computer Science by Roy Thomas Fielding.

Zikomo Dr. Fielding! Werengani zambiri za Bwerani ku Wikipedia.

Kodi dzina loti SOAP limayimira chiyani?

SOAP ndichidule cha Protocol Yowona Zinthu Zosavuta

Sindine wolemba mapulogalamu, koma m'malingaliro mwanga opanga omwe amakonda SOAP amatero chifukwa amatha kupanga ma code mu pulogalamu yofananira yomwe imawerenga fayilo ya Web Service Definition Language (WSDL). Sakufunikira kuti ayankhe yankho, lakwaniritsidwa kale pogwiritsa ntchito WSDL. SOAP imafuna envelopu yolinganiza, yomwe imafotokozera kapangidwe ka uthengawo ndi momwe angayendetsere, ndandanda ya malamulo ofotokozera momwe angafotokozere zamatchulidwe ofotokozera ndi msonkhano woyimira mayitanidwe ndi mayankho.

5 Comments

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    Pomaliza (potsiriza!) Chidule chachidule cha tanthauzo la zilembo zonse zomwe kale zinali zowopsa. Zikomo chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito mawu omveka bwino komanso achindunji, zotsatira = tsogolo lomwe likuwoneka ngati lowala pang'ono kwa wopangirayu.

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